Barangay Sta. Juliana
History of Barangay Sta. Juliana
Accounting from the folklore, the name Sta. Juliana was derived from the resident’s miraculous patron Saint, Sta. Juliana.
According to the legend narrated by the elders of Pampanga, a woman named Lourdes mysteriously disappeared. Later on, she was thought to be adopted by a certain Apung Taba in the area now Sta. Julaiana.
It was said that, unexplainably, Lourdes transformed into a statue of woman resembling Santa Juliana. It was believe to be miraculous and have cured diseases. From then on, people started calling the statue as Apung Santa Juliana.
Soon after, the statue allegedly came into possession of a certain Apung Uti (the first cabeza de barangay of the place) who conspired with the Aetas to bring the statue into the mountains for its safety from thieves. Later on, it was brought in the plains, hence calling the place Sta. Juliana as attribute for it.
Legends also tell that shortly after the World War II, Americans attempted to kidnap the image of Sta. Juliana, but failed. While in the 1950’s, many people believed in the image of Sta. Juliana in the area was merely a replica and the original piece has been stolen some time ago.
In another version, Barangay Sta. Juliana got its name when some time ago, according to folklores, a beautiful woman by the name “Juliana” settled the differences between the tribes that almost cost of her own life. From then on, peace and other emerged in the area that leaders of the place decided to name the area “Santa Juliana” as tribute to the woman Juliana who brought peace in the barangay.
There is no decisive proof on where this barangay got his name. What matters most is the experiences surpassed and the progression entails thereof. Officially the early settlers of Sta. Juliana when it was founded on March 1940 where people from a people place known Dalig. And barangay Sta. Juliana, being situated at the foothill of the Zambales mountain ranges, was the most affected barangay of Capas in the Mount Pinatubo eruption in 1991.
However, the eruption did not halt Barangay Sta. Juliana from progressing. Instead, they made the eruption remnants – lahar, an emblem or hallmark for Pinatubo Trekking, Capas 4×4 and ATV Adventures, along with other tourist spots Tambo Lake and a former hot spring which sta. Julaiana is all known for.
The Barangay with a colorful past – Sta. Juliana – valiantly situated at the foothold of historic Zambales mountain ranges as well as the tallest mountain in Tarlac the Telakawa, seemingly watching the barangay with pride, and was created on March 1940.
With the total land area or 17,000 hectares, this consists of 15 sitios namely: Patal Bato, Dalig, Ye Young, Bulacan, Dalayapen, Tarukan, Duray, Alunan, Malalabatay, Manalal, Pisapungan, Abu, Pilien, Pula, and Pantul. IT is also blessed with rivers and lakes. The Barangay is 20 kilometers away from town proper and 47 kilometers distance to the Mt. Pinatubo.
Different kinds of forest trees like laluaan, apitong, giso, and tarucan added to the natural wealth of this barangay. Deposits of manganese could also be finding here. People speak in different dialects such as the predominantly Kapampangan, some are Ilocanos, Zambal and Tagalog. Agricultural products are rice, corn, sugarcane, sweet potatoes, coconut and gabi or “taro”. Charcoal business boomed because of the area’s location to the mountains which are rich in trees. The name of Barangay Sta. Juliana derived from miraculous Patron Saint Sta. Juliana.
According to the legend narrated by the elders of Pampanga. One day after the Catholic mass they have been attended, their sister Lourdes suddenly disappears. They worriedly look for her in different places, asking everybody the whereabouts of their beloved sister.
Lourdes was adopted by a generous man named Apung Taba. Taking care of her and giving her needs, Lourdes, unexplainably, was said to be transformed into an ironic image (statue). Her statue looks like a woman wearing a white Vail and a book at her hand. His brother located the statue said to be taken care by Apung Uti (the first cabeza de barangay). People during that time they believe that the image of Apung Juliana could make a miracle. By simply worshipping or just touching her statue, any kind of disease could vanish and healed. Even their wishes might be granted. From then on, people start calling the statue Apung Sta. Juliana. This statue is said to be carried out in the mountains by the Aetas conspired by Apung Uti for its safeness against the thieves.
Later on, it was brought in the plain, hence calling the place Sta. Juliana as attributed for it. When Americans came during the aftermath of World War II, they would like to grab the statue but they failed. Even the cart drawn by a carabao could not carry it! Today, many people believed that the image of Sta. Juliana is only a replica. The original image was stolen. It is said that made it suffered a cursed, a catastrophic hardships in life.
Before the Spanish colonization, this enormous place was a thick forest; abundant agricultural crops fed its people with such gusto. Before the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo, Steams, creeks and rivers here are abundant in fish. The people from Sitio Dalig arrived in Sta. Juliana which historically the fist people who lived in this barangay. Dumagats and Aetas also peacefully lived here as they came from western front of Zambales. At first these people livelihood was based on simple food hunting-boars, wild chicken and fishing. Aetas are farmers who rely much on their agricultural products such as bananas, sweet potatoes, cassava, gabi (taro) and ginger for their survival. As they mingled to the people in the plain, some of them inter married with the lowlanders. Genealogically, their offspring properly called Dumagats.
Early inhabitants have superstitious belief such as the intervening of food and bad spirits, lucky charms and amulets, the importance of “anitos” in worshipping, witchcrafts practices, the chirping of certain kind of bird known as “tiktik” at the top of one’s house will bring a bad omen – possibly a fatal death to a member of family, the use of talisman or anting-anting (amulet) a belief that a person possessing it would give him supernatural physical and spiritual strength and can even ward off evil spirit as well as diseases. The role of herbolarios was also highly accepted such as when a person got unexplained kind of disease, the herbolarios lead the curing using his skills and knowledge usually explained as a miracle. Oftentimes, rituals have been made to please the spirits believed to be the cause of disease, chanting, praying and sacrificing foods were part of it.
The early settlers came from the place known as Dalig. These were the families of Reyes, Lundang, Gutierrez, Pabustan, Austria, Mercado, Capiral, Manuel, Garcia, Ramos, Cuero, Petchalin and Galang. Attached by its tillable land, these early inhabitants made some clearings. These people carried the skills in extensive farming’s. At first these families peacefully lived in this barangay with farming and fishing as their way of living, shaped by experiences, these people began to phase their much in social progress and development. In `1965, illegal logging plunged into Sitio Tarucan. Because the Aetas did not have any formal education at that time and feared facing the illegal loggers, they were not able to stop the cutting of the trees thus resulting in the degradation of their forest. Unfortunately, the only trees left were Amokaw and Bananas which are Aetas planted.
In 2002, the Aetas of Sitio Tarucan and Barangay Maruglu expressed their dream to have schools of their own where their children could study. The Holy Spirit Aeta Mission responded instantly with encouragement and support. Through the generosity of Assisi Development Foundation and Kapatiran (Holy Spirit Woman’s Junior College in Akita Japan) their dreams was granted. The Aetas Early Childhood Development Program formally started pre-school in two places in 2002.
In the same year, a traumatic experienced made an event from which the Philippine Air Force requested the Aetas to transfer to Malipip, giving way to Military exercises taking place near Tarucan. The Aetas working on their claim for their ancestral domain have refused the request and chose to stay and defend their land. A verbal agreement was arranged between the Philippine Air Force and the inhabitants of Tarucan that they will only transfer provided that the Philippine Air Force to the conditions formulated by the Aetas. Presently, one has to ask permission before you can enter or exit to the vicinity to make sure there are no military exercises going on. Another problem encounter by the Aetas here was a ranch of cows and goats been put by the lowlanders, practically occupying tract of lands owned by the Aetas’ ancestral domain. Ironically, they cannot utilize the land g=for planting because these animals will eat their crops.
In Sitio Tarucan, there is this organization known as Poon Ya Pangmimihaan (Samahan ng mga Nagkakaisang Aeta) recently has more than 100 members. It is under the umbrella organization known as Labay Ku. Its main objectives is voicing out the problems and concerns of the Aetas to the officers of Labay Ku. The Sitio Captain and his Councilors stands as the leader of the community who are directly responsible in discussing, planning and deciding for the welfare of their people. The elders throughnot elected are also considered as leaders. Their ideas and opinions still pose to great influence even to the formal leaders.
Barangay Sta. Juliana, like any other barangay in the country, also celebrates fiesta – the feast of Sta. Juliana every 16th of February. Its programs of activities include active parade, dancing and singing contests. Many families also prepare some foods for the visitors and relatives as they enjoy celebrating with camaraderie. Today, Sta. Juliana stands as one of Capas’ star in terms of economic improvement. The fact that this barangay is far from the town proper does not affect those want to help the needy, the establishment of Project Margarita. It was on November 16, 2004 marked as the Foundation Day of the establishment of Project Margarita which was led by Dr. Ricardo Ramos as the Executive Director, Dr. Jenette Lazatin as the Assistant executive Director and Fr. Samual Cuarto as their Project Director. The Project main objective is to help morally and financially, the needy students specially those indigents, continuing their studies with diligent. Project Margarita still, up to now helps hundreds of students living in this barangay, nearby barangay and other remote places. Other NGO’s and Religious Sectors also generously help some indigents here.
Many families in this barangay still depend on farming as the way of living. Some parents did not even hesitate to temporarily leave their children at home for a week or even months as they go to remote areas like Pilien planting rice, staying there until harvest season. They are hardworking individuals, a trait worthy to be praised of Sitio Pilien, in return, produces huge quantity of rice. Seizing the initiative benefited by education, Negritos nowadays, send their children to school giving any kind of amount for their beloved ones.
The households of the barangay, recently, are about 1,256. Slot of lands is donated to some families here by some Korean Missionaries which they called it Ye Young Community. With Rural Health Unit, Day Care Center, Religious Churches like Roman Catholic Church, the United Methodist Church and the Iglesia ni Cristo, amenities like basketball court, Elementary School located at Sitio Tarucan, Alunan and Sta. Juliana, a primary school at Sitio Pilien, O’Donnell National High School Annex, tour guide posts, public cemetery, sari-sari stores, Philippine Armed Force military outpost and Barangay Hall truly served it’s people’s needs and wants. Business establishments like the relaxing Spa initiated by the Korean Investors also gave job opportunities for the people here. Tourist Spots like Tambo Lake and hot springs visited by both local and foreign tourist proudly emerged as barangay’ unique identity and because its proximity to the Mt. Pinatubo; Sta. Juliana became a main route and trek to the historical mountain.
To date, the barangay is being governed by its elected officials namely Salvador C. Delos Reyes as Barangay Chairman, Councilors Elizabeth A. Biag, John C. Dumulot, Eddie B. Lim, Adela C. Castaneda, Reynato L. Reyes, Bernard C. Reyes, Hilario G. Ramos, Mr. Marino B. Ramos Barangay Secretary and SK Chairman Grace Joy S. Petchalin.
Barangay Sta. Juliana with its glorious past, undeniably, promised to be one of Capas town’s future economic tiger. With its business establishments here, some local investors even came here starting entrepreneurial marketing, bakery, as much to be mention. It’s hardworking and dedicated people already at hand for a better change as this barangay magnificently prepared like proudly walking in a garland.
The term of Mr. Eduardo Reyes (deceased), Mr. Primitivo Timbol (deceased), Mr. Urbano Lundang (deceased); Mr. Jose Laxamana Jr. and Felix Dumulot tried to be the best barangay captain and successfully did their duties very well. Presently, Barangay Sta. Juliana is led by Hon. Salvador Dela Cruz Delos Reyes, son of the late, Alfredo C. Delos Reyes and Juanita Dela Cruz. Two years as Punong Barangay at Barangay Sta. Juliana, Capas, Tarlac, the Constituents saw personally the accomplishments of Barangay Sta. Juliana, Barangay Council; an extension of the Barangay. Hall which has an open court with a stage that gave a great sigh of the barangay folks specially during rainy and hot seasons, and an extension again for next year 20% IRA coming from Municipal Budget, street lights on the interior part of the Barangay, a never vacant day of tourist, foreign and local that adds income of guides / porter, additional income of the Barangay using it during an emergency situation particularly of IP’s far away from the Sitios within the jurisdiction of Barangay Sta. Juliana transporting them to provincial Hospital at Tarlac City, and, to the newly open, Ospital ning Capas, an earth zigzag rough road along the mountainous 15 sitios within the jurisdiction of Barangay Sta. Juliana of more or less than 30 kilometers circumference, and, the most difficult task as part of the Mission / Vision, is that, the long time syndicated cattle / carabao rustlers (MAFIA STYLE) has been vanquish, and, counter measures were being done against death threats. Barangay Sta. Juliana, Brgy. Council will go forward to accomplished more for the Vision / Mission for the good of the constituents, to our Lady Saints, Sta. Juliana, moreover, to the Lord Jesus Christ.
Sta. Juliana is a wide barrio surrounded with mountains, rivers and lakes. Everyone wants to preserve its beauty. They avoid building houses near the tourist’s spots to keep the place clean and presentable. For the year 2012, the population will be far and may reach more or less 8,000 citizens including the Zambals, Aetas and Abilings.
Sta. Juliana is also located within the periphery of the former US Military Bases. Comprising of five sitios, it is the farthest barangay of Capas. Farming is the main activity in the area with rice, sugarcane, gabi, sweet potato and vegetables are the main products. Animal raising and gathering of banana leaves is a supplemental livelihood in the area.
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